An article in one of the local dailies back in 2016 indicated the market price of a camel ranged from Sh12,500 for a simple male calf to Sh97,143 for a mature female. Slightly two years ago in 2018, the sale of one camel fetched between Sh150,000 to Sh200,000 and even if it’s a tiny calf, one fetches Sh15,000. Additionally as at 2018, a litre of camel milk cost Sh80 at the local level and Sh100 to Sh150 in supermarkets.
This is unlikely to have changed in 2020 and if it has, just a little lower or higher from the price. Remember camels are not reared in Nairobi or Kiambu but are best suited in the Arid and Semi Arid Lands with respect to Counties in the Northern Frontier Counties. At the end of the day a farmer can make close to Sh1.2 million just from the local sale of camel milk. So are these poor and destitute people as compared to the man who treks to work just to earn a bare Sh200 to feed himself or his family? Who is better off?
The camel story is just an illustration of the inequality and injustice that has been brought about by the first and second basis formula which are now well improved through the third basis formula on revenue allocation. The formula seeks to give every Kenyan an equal chance of accessing government services. It seeks to erase the notion of self-entitlement by Counties which consider themselves marginalized yet a simple individual with even a herd of 50 camels can earn over a million shillings in one month.
With a GDP that is nine times that of the North Eastern region, Nairobi receives nine times less than North Eastern at Sh36 billion and Sh45 billion respectively.
Additionally, Nairobi is a densely populated region thereby requiring more resources to cover for the whole population while North Eastern is a sparsely populated region but receives the lion’s share of the National Cake. Does it mean that there are those Kenyans who are more entitled than others? Is the industrial area worker earning Sh200, less of a Kenyan?
For normalcy in this country, County allocation of funds should be on the basis of equal distribution of resources. With the third generation formula of revenue allocation, disbursement of funds will be based on ten parametres and not four as the previous formula, that will include population, poverty indices and land mass thus ensuring an equalization of all Counties and by it, all Kenyans will be entitled to an equal share of revenues disbursed.